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Ketamine Addiction Treatment

What Is Ketamine?

A dissociative anesthetic drug, ketamine induces a state of synthetic unconsciousness in the human body at a high dose and distorts how the brain processes visual and auditory information at a low dose.

Otherwise known as ‘k’, ‘ket’, ‘super k’, and ‘horse trank’, ketamine is extremely addictive. Dangerous when consumed, ketamine dependencies can arise, leaving many struggling with a range of physical and psychological impairments.

The Ketamine High

When large quantities of ketamine are consumed, several symptoms, including unconsciousness, arise.

When used recreationally or illegally, it is uncommon for unconsciousness to be induced. However, the effects of lower doses of ketamine cause users to feel ‘high’.

Often, these effects include:

Auditory and visual distortions
Difficulty moving
Experiencing out-of-body sensations
Difficulty retaining information
An inability to communicate

Users of ketamine find aspects of this ‘high’ enjoyable. However, chronic ketamine abuse can lead to addictions, which are detrimental to our physical and psychological health.

How Is Ketamine Ingested?

Ketamine is ingested in a variety of different ways. When administered safely by medical professionals, it is usually delivered through an intravenous liquid or in lower doses through a nasal spray. Ketamine is also available in pill form.

When illegally abused outside of licensed healthcare practices, ketamine is often administered by turning it into a white or off-white powder that is then snorted through the nose.

Non-Abusive Uses of Ketamine

Like many other addictive substances, ketamine’s use originates in a healing medical setting. There are several different medical uses for ketamine; however, it is mainly used as an anesthetic.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ketamine for use in this way in 1970. Medical professionals now use it to sedate children who have had adverse reactions to other kinds of anesthetic medication. It is also employed in radiation and burns therapy.

Professionals also utilize the anesthetic effects of ketamine in veterinary clinics. It is one of the most widely used medicines due to its relatively low level of side effects and highly effective sedating properties.

In more recent years, research has explored additional uses of ketamine. Due to its mind-altering properties, experts have experimented with the use of ketamine to treat chronic depression. They believe that ketamine can stimulate neuroplasticity within the brain, enabling maladaptive thought patterns to be altered.

However, experimenting with ketamine without the support of healthcare professionals remains extremely dangerous.

Signs of Ketamine Addiction

The first step in overcoming a ketamine addiction consists of recognizing the problem. If you’re worried about your relationship with ketamine or that of someone around you, you have come to the right place.

Here are a few tell-tale signs of ketamine addiction:

Your tolerance for ketamine has increased
You rely on ketamine in day-to-day life
You are displaying dramatic changes in your behavior or appearance
You experience irritability and mood swings
You exhibit loss of coordination or increased confusion
You struggle with insomnia
You experience withdrawal symptoms

As THC is lipid-soluble, it binds to fat cells in the body, increasing the amount of time it takes to leave the body.

Effects of Ketamine Addiction

Using ketamine over a prolonged period can have harmful effects on your mind and your body

These effects include:

Impaired cognitive function
Changes to your vision
Memory problems
Mood swings
Inflammation of the bladder
Painful urination
Cloudy urine
Ulcerative cystitis

Long-term ketamine abuse can also have a damaging effect on your professional and social life. As with other forms of addiction, ketamine addiction can damage your ability to perform at your job and be a loving member of your community. It doesn’t just harm you, but those around you.

If you are experiencing an addiction to ketamine, healing is possible. Contact NP Addiction Clinic today and obtain the help you need to recover.

How We Treat Ketamine Addiction

At the Neuro-Psychiatric Addiction Clinic, hopeless is not a word in our vocabulary. We believe that with the right tools, anyone can recover from ketamine addiction.

We curate a warm, welcoming, and supportive environment in our addiction clinics where you will be met with care and understanding by our excellent staff. As some of our team have recovered from ketamine addictions themselves, they know just how difficult addressing an addiction can be. They also know that recovery is possible.

Ketamine Addiction Treatment Options

Our expert-led residential treatment program encompasses the support you need to beat your addiction to ketamine.

In our sunny Florida treatment center, some of the treatments we offer for ketamine addiction include:

Individual therapy
Group therapy
Talking therapies
Art therapy
Nutritional assessments and groups
Music therapy
Educational groups
Family counseling and family weekend activities
Medication administration and monitoring

Understanding that no addiction is the same, your treatment program will be tailored to your needs. We understand that ketamine addiction is present alongside other struggles in life for many, and we pride ourselves on our holistic approach.

We can also provide mental health treatments that enable us to heal both the addiction and the person. For this very reason, we offer specialist support in trauma-related addiction and dual diagnosis treatment.

We respect your unique recovery journey and are determined to provide you with the best treatment possible to help you unlock your new life.

Why Choose NP Addiction Clinic?

Why our St. Lucie County rehab and mental health center is right for you and your loved ones.

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24-Hour Support

We are dedicated to helping people heal, recover and live better lives, 24-hours a day, 7-days a week. Count on us to be there when you need us most. 

On-Site Detox

Unlike most facilities, we provide a complete, in-house safe and comfortable medical detox.We care for you from start to finish.

Mental Health Treatment Pros

We are experts in treating depression, anxiety, PTSD, addiction and much more. Our mental health expertise is above and beyond the norm.

Aftercare and Alumni Support

Our aftercare, alumni support and MAT programs are second to none. We’re invested in your recovery and wellness for the long haul. 

Let’s Talk Today

The Neuro Psychiatric Addiction Clinic is committed to delivering the best mental health and addiction treatment available. We can help you or the one you love too, but you need to make the first move. Call us now at (888) 574-3506 or send us a message using this form. 

Kim L. Buckner


As a Substance Abuse Motivational Speaker, Pastor, Peer Advocate, and Facilitator. Kim helps clients avoid relapse by understanding their triggers. Those people, places and things that can cause craving, as well as internal triggers like feelings, thoughts, or emotions. Kim also clients with identifying and building healthy relationships now that they’re clean and sober.

Kim’s background includes extensive experience as a motivational speaker and work in faith-based organizations helping youth and adults alike. She says she is motivated by giving back to the community, understanding, and not judging who she comes into contact with. Kim’s favorite quote is by Dr. Raymond Johnson: “The respect given to others rebounds to the giver to deny the scared in the Other is to deny it in oneself.”

Caty Burns


Caty graduated from Indiana University Bloomington in 2015 with a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and minors in Counseling and History. Throughout her undergrad, she worked at the local CASA program, supporting volunteers advocating for children who had experienced abuse and neglect. Caty worked for seven years at a community mental health center (CMHC), partnering with children, adults, and families.

During those seven years, she taught life and coping skills as well as behavior management, provided case management and peer recovery services, and facilitated treatment teams that included the client, family, providers, and community members. I have also worked at an IOP providing group therapy services. She is currently working towards my Master of Social Work.

In her free time, Caty enjoys reading, especially historical fiction, spending time outdoors and having movie nights with her family. Disney World is her happy place, and she dreams of living among the elephants.

Madison Knowles

Mental Health Therapist

My name is Madison Knowles, I am a Mental health therapist at NPAC. I am a single-mother of two and I have a daughter who is globally delayed and has been diagnosed with autism. I have been in this industry since I was 16 years old, as I was fascinated with human behavior. I obtained my masters in applied behavioral analysis and started off working with people with disabilities. I then found my love for counseling when I worked with juveniles who had mental health and substance use issues. I then decided to go back for my mental health therapy license after that and working in a forensic treatment center. I went on to obtain my therapy credentials and since 2017, I have also been working on my PhD in forensic psychology in which I am currently working on my dissertation. I am inspired by change and how resilient people can be. My favorite inspirational quote is “Some will, Some won’t, So what, NEXT!!!” This quote has inspired me to try, try, and try again no matter how hard life gets, someone will give you a chance eventually. As a therapist at NPAC, I have been given the opportunity to work with diverse populations such as in substance use and mental health and I am known for my work with people on the schizophrenic spectrum as well as with other clients with other severe conditions including personality disorders.

Megan Carmona, LMHC

Lead Therapist

Our Lead Therapist, Megan, is a bilingual Licensed Mental Health Counselor who specializes in working with adults who struggle with addiction, anxiety, depression, and trauma. As Lead Therapist, she provides individual, family, and group therapy sessions to our clients.  Megan says “I am very passionate about therapy, especially about supporting my clients in exploring their strengths and identity. My goal is to provide individuals with the tools that can help them achieve independence in coping with their challenges and facilitating personal development.” In her free time, Megan enjoys watching docu-series and playing video games with her family. Her dream is to own acres of land so she can care for vulnerable animals, especially old dogs, cats, and horses. 

Kristen Bensley

Primary Clinician

As Primary Clinician, Kristen works with all aspects of our clinical team, from case management to primary therapy.  She has broad experience working in the mental health field. Prior to joining our team at the Neuro Psychiatric Addiction Clinic, Kristen was part of the team awarded the Evernorth Behavioral Health Center of Excellence Designation by Cigna. She says her motivation is to help people rediscover who they are and become excited about the future and all the possibilities life offers. Kristen’s favorite quote is: “You can’t go back and change the beginning, but you can start where you are and change the ending.”

Ronn Daigle, MSW

Therapist, Utilization Review Clinician

Ronn Daigle services as a Therapist and Utilization Review Clinician at the Neuro Psychiatric Addiction Clinic. He has been working in the field of substance use disorder treatment since 2011, with experience in all facility-based levels of care. Ronn earned, both an Associate of Arts in Psychology (2013) and Bachelor of Science in Human Services, with an Addiction Studies Concentration (2015) from Indian River State College. 

Ronn additionally earned a Master of Social Work degree in 2021 and is a current Registered Clinical Social Work Intern working toward licensure (LCSW). He describes himself as detail oriented, and solution focused.

Ronn says: “There is nothing more fulfilling than working with someone who doesn’t believe in himself or herself, and being there in the moment with them when the belief begins. We work with individuals who come to us at a point and time in their respective lives where they do not believe that change for others is possible; let alone for themselves…throughout the process they eventually come to a point where they realize that change is not only possible, but achievable.”

Erika Melecio, LMHC, MCAP, CEI

Assistant Clinical Director

Erika Melecio, LMHC, MCAP, CEI is the Assistant Clinical Director at Neuropsychiatric Addiction Clinic who specializes in the treatment of LGBTQ, addiction, as well as mental health disorders ranging from depression and anxiety, to Bipolar Disorder, trauma, personality disorders, psychotic disorders, and eating disorders. Erika utilizes a number of modalities including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, and Mindfulness amongst others. Erika has been in practice for close to a decade and has earned her license in Mental Health Counseling, as well as being a Master’s Certified Addiction Professional. Erika has worked with many individuals including couples counseling and family therapy, and is fluent in Spanish.
Throughout my years of practice, one of the things I enjoy helping people find is inner peace. Whether you are in the deepest parts of depression, overrun by your anxiety, controlled by your addiction, or there are certain issues in your life that are negatively impacting your ability to function, and have a happy, healthy life, maybe now is the time to talk about it. I am a big believer in empowerment, working hard in therapy, and utilizing different techniques to help you regain that inner peace that may have been lost along the way. I want to work with you as a team because with two people, absolutely everything is possible. I want to be there as a therapist, to help build you up, support you, but also help you be honest with yourself and accountable. At the end of the day, when all is said and done, my biggest goal for you is going to be simple….for you to no longer need my services. Why? Because if you no longer need my services, it means that you have regained your peace, you have regained your strength, you have regained your confidence. It means that you now have the tools to address any issues that try to derail you, and best of all, you will have the insight to overcome and thrive. So let’s begin this journey together, and get you to the place you want to be, emotionally, mentally, psychologically, and in your sobriety.

Aurelio Ayuso, MSW, LCSW, CAP, ICADC

Clinical Director

Aurelio has worked with those that suffer from the disease of addiction in adults and juveniles alike for over 10 years, beginning in the United States Navy where he proudly served for 20 years, working with those that were succumbed by addiction due to trauma and continuing his passion for helping those in need locally in Central Florida.

He specializes in both Addictions and Trauma, he has worked first as a therapist then as the clinical supervisor to both the Juvenile and Adult Drug Court programs in Brevard County. Aurelio has been instrumental in developing substance abuse treatment programs directly tailored to help those that also suffer from complex trauma due to their addiction. He has been recognized by several organizations for his forward thinking and ability to tailor treatment to individuals in the most restrictive environments.

Mr. Ayuso received his Graduate Degree in Clinical Social Work from the University of Central Florida in Orlando. He is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker as well as Certified Addictions Professional in the State of Florida, and Internationally Certified Alcohol & Drug Counselor. Aurelio specializes in the treatment of Addiction, Trauma, and Abandonment using strength based strategies deeply rooted in Solution Focused, and Mindfulness Therapies. At the Neuropsychiatric Addiction Clinic he passionately develops holistic curriculums that foster the belief that through addressing the mind, body, and spirit together, the Disease of Addiction can be addressed successfully.

Robert Lehmann, MHSA

Chief Operating Officer

Bob Lehmann is the Chief Operating Officer at the Neuro Psychiatric Addiction Clinic. He has a Master’s Degree in Human Services Administration with a concentration in Mental Health Administration and over twenty-five years of experience as a senior executive at addiction and mental health treatment facilities.

One of the reasons for his commitment to excellence in addiction treatment was his experience related to family members who suffered from the disease of addiction. Bob has been actively involved in community organizations throughout his career. Recently he was one of the founders of the Florida Addiction Treatment Coalition (FATC) and is its present Vice President. FATC was designed to bring together treatment executives in Florida to advocate on behalf of treatment facilities and the clients they serve adhering to a foundation of integrity and service excellence.

Jose R. Toledo, M.D.

Medical Director

A well-rounded and accomplished individual, Jose R. Toledo, M.D., is the Medical Director of Neuro Psychiatric Addiction Clinic.

Dr. Toledo is a neurologist with 25 years of experience and has been in private practice since 1991 on the Treasure Coast of Florida. He completed his neurology training at the State University of New York and his Fellowship training at the University of Pittsburgh in Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology.

He also completed 24 months of acute inpatient psychiatry at the Western Missouri Mental Health Center, University of Missouri in Kansas City. In 2008, Dr. Toledo participated in and was certified in the continuing medical education activity entitled “Buprenorphine and Office-Based Treatment of Opioid Dependence” from The Medical University of South Carolina during which began his quest to found and head Neuropsychiatric Addiction Clinic.

Dr. Toledo is a brain specialist with particular competence in addiction medicine and out-patient detoxification treatment and integrates the fields seamlessly. He is certified to prescribe Buprenorphine (Suboxone). He incorporates his background in neurology into the addiction field. Dr. Toledo is member/fellow of The American Medical Association, The Florida Medical Association and The American Society of Addiction Medicine