Klonopin (clonazepam) is a benzodiazepine drug prescribed to control seizures or alleviate panic and anxiety disorder symptoms.

Klonopin is a central nervous system depressant and works by calming the brain and nerves and relaxing the body and mind. Many people abuse this benzodiazepine drug for its calming and pleasurable effects.

Clonazepam is a highly habit-forming drug and is intended only for short-term use. If taken for long periods or in high doses, Klonopin can cause potentially life-threatening overdose symptoms, brain damage, and severe dependence on the drug.

What Is Klonopin?

Along with other benzodiazepines and Ativan and Xanax, Klonopin is a Schedule IV controlled substance. While there is a medical benefit to its use, there is also a high potential for abuse and dependence.

Benzodiazepines, including Klonopin, work by increasing the activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. GABA is the most common neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. It reduces the excitability of neurons and the speed of the nerve impulses throughout the body, which causes sedation and relaxation, producing anti-anxiety effects.

Klonopin dosage should not exceed one to four mg for panic disorders. For seizure disorders, the maximum dose should not exceed 20 mg.

Klonopin can have mild to moderate side effects because it affects the brain on a chemical level. The risk of these side effects is potentially higher when the drug is snorted or abused.

Side Effects include:

  • Sedation (experienced by 50% of patients)
  • Dizziness (experienced by over 33% of patients)
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Amnesia
  • Confusion
  • Changes in sex drive and sexual desire
  • Rashes
  • Irritability
  • Feelings of depression

Other serious side-effects include:

  • Respiratory depression
  • Fainting
  • Enlarged liver resulting in liver damage
  • Increased heart rate
  • Low blood pressure

Longer-Term Side Effects

Long term use of Klonopin may cause problems with your balance and coordination, in addition to some mental health problems, including:

  • memory problems
  • depression
  • insomnia
  • agitation

A link has been made between the consumption of Klonopin and some other antiepileptic medication and an increase in suicidal thoughts or ideations. As a result, a medical doctor will carefully supervise the prescription of such drugs. A close relationship between doctor-patient is strongly recommended for patients with co-occurring disorders.

Can You Overdose While Snorting Klonopin?

Snorting Klonopin can result in overdose. Snorting a substance increases the risk of overdose for several reasons.

Measuring The Dose

It is harder to safely measure the dose you intend to take when crushing a pill to snort. It can often result in a person ingesting an increased dosage than what is intended.

Klonopin pills are produced in doses intended to be taken orally, and the way the body reacts to Klonopin when it has been snorted is different than when it is orally consumed.

There is the danger that Klonopin can be less effective with intranasal and buccal administration, so a person may take more to feel a more significant effect. This can lead to a dangerous amount of Klonopin in the bloodstream, causing an overdose.

Secondly, Klonopin can build up to toxic amounts in a person’s system if they take overlapping doses. As Klonopin is a long-acting benzodiazepine, it stays in the body for several hours. The effects of the drug will likely wear off before it has been completely processed and removed from the body. When people snort Klonopin, the effects are felt much quicker and wear off much faster, even though the drug has not left the body. This increases the risk of a toxic amount of the substance building up in the body and causing an overdose.

Benzodiazepine overdose is most common when the substance is abused alongside another substance such as alcohol or opioids.

A Klonopin overdose is a medical emergency, and you should call your doctor, go to the emergency department, or call 911 immediately.

Dangers of Klonopin

Clonazepam tablets have boxed warnings which are severe warnings from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Clonazepam’s boxed warnings warn about misuse, addiction, dependence, and withdrawal.

Misuse and Addiction

Taking clonazepam in any form can increase the risk of drug misuse and drug addiction.

Misusing clonazepam means it’s taken differently than how your doctor prescribed it—for example, taking a higher dose than prescribed or snorting Klonopin. The risk of addiction is much higher for those that snort Klonopin or misuse the drug in other ways.

Dependence and Withdrawal

Clonazepam can cause physical dependence, resulting from the average concentration of a substance in the body, making the body used to the drug and eventually feeling like it needs the substance to function normally.

When a person has developed a Klonopin dependence, abruptly stopping taking clonazepam can lead to withdrawal symptoms.

How Is Klonopin Consumed?

Clonazepam is an active drug that comes as:

  • oral tablets that you swallow
  • orally disintegrating tablets that rapidly dissolve in your mouth

While clonazepam should only be consumed orally, snorting Klonopin – also called Klonopin insufflation – is becoming increasingly common as recreational users attempt to speed up the onset of effects. Snorting drugs is generally done by crushing a pill and inhaling the powder into the nostrils, where the blood vessels in the nasal tissue rapidly adsorb the substance. This bypasses the digestive system, sending the drug to the lungs before being transported to the heart, mixed with oxygenated blood, and travels quickly to the brain.

Klonopin Abuse

When consumed orally, peak concentrations of Klonopin in the blood are reached up to four hours after consumption. When snorting Klonopin, concentration peaks anywhere between fifteen to twenty minutes.

Dangers of Snorting Drugs

Snorting Klonopin increases the risk of Klonopin addiction, fatal overdose, and uncomfortable symptoms of withdrawal. Snorting Klonopin is one of the fastest methods of feeling the desired relaxing and calming effects. However, when you snort Klonopin, the drug’s euphoric effects subside faster than with oral ingestion. This means that individuals who snort Klonopin may be more likely to binge on the drug. Snorting Klonopin also increases the risk of overdose due to the difficulty of measuring doses.

Klonopin insufflation can result in:

  • extensive damage to the nasal mucous membranes
  • chronic runny noses
  • difficulty swallowing
  • difficulty breathing
  • impaired sense of smell
  • sinus infections
  • chronic sinusitis
  • chronic cough

The effects of snorting benzodiazepines while consuming alcohol or other drugs, especially other depressant drugs or opioids, can be potentially fatal.

Klonopin Detox

Detox is the first stage of recovery that doctors will advise you to complete in most drug addiction treatments. This means allowing the body to remove the drugs or alcohol a person has consumed. The length of time this takes depends on several factors, including how frequently an individual consumes the substance, how much is taken, and what substance you are detoxing from. Withdrawal from Benzodiazepines can be incredibly challenging, and as a result, it is not uncommon to relapse within twenty-four hours of starting the detox process.

Klonopin detox can cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in extreme circumstances. A healthcare provider and treatment facilities will recommend a medically supervised detox for health and safety and increased success.

Klonopin Withdrawal Symptoms

Benzodiazepine detox symptoms are some of the most serious that addiction professionals support people with.

If a person has become physically dependent on Klonopin, withdrawal symptoms include seizures, making it dangerous for users to quit cold turkey. Whether someone has developed a Klonopin addiction by snorting Klonopin or medical use, quitting the drug should be done with medical supervision. Both the physical and psychological effects of withdrawal are both distressing and dangerous.

Physical symptoms of clonazepam withdrawal may include:

  • Headache
  • Stomach pain
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Tremors
  • Short-term memory loss
  • Insomnia
  • Irregular heart rate or heart palpitations
  • Sweating
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Impaired respiration
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle spasms and cramps
  • Impaired coordination
  • Diarrhea
  • Feeling lightheaded
  • Seizures

Benzodiazepine withdrawal is also known for the debilitating psychological side effects after a drug such as clonazepam is stopped.

Perhaps one of the most dangerous withdrawal symptoms for those who abuse Klonopin is the increased risk for suicidal thoughts and actions.

Psychological symptoms of withdrawal from clonazepam may also include:

  • Hallucinations
  • Nightmares
  • Mental confusion
  • Short-term memory lapses
  • Difficulties concentrating
  • Irritability
  • Drastic mood swings
  • Trouble feeling pleasure
  • Anxiety
  • Panic
  • Depression
  • Drug cravings
  • Lack of motivation
  • Anger and hostility

Klonopin Addiction Treatment

There are various treatment options available for those seeking Klonopin addiction treatment, including those who abuse other substances or have been diagnosed or are yet to be diagnosed with mental illness.

Substance abuse research has shown that prescription drug abuse, including snorting Klonopin, is often a result of self-medication for a physical or mental health issue such as depression, anxiety, or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). More than one in four adults living with serious mental health problems also has a substance abuse problem.

A substance use disorder can develop rapidly, leaving a person feeling out of control, but help is available. As a dual diagnosis treatment center, NPAC is committed to offering simultaneous treatment for substance use disorder and the mental illnesses that often accompany and worsen those disorders.

To achieve long-term recovery from Klonopin dependency, drug treatment centers help the patient learn new techniques and coping strategies to deal with anxiety and stress without using Klonopin. NPAC also encourages you to join support groups or

Contact Us

Contact NPAC today to inquire about our treatment facility and find out more about treatment options for substance abuse, including medically supervised detoxification or seeking immediate treatment help.

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Samantha Kelly​

Director of National Business Development & Admissions Coordinator

I am a dedicated and passionate professional with extensive experience in business development Admissions and marketing. I have an incredible passion for showing others that there is a light at the end of this dark tunnel if someone truly wants it.
Being in recovery myself I understand the struggles of addiction and alcoholism. I Started this Career path in 2009. With multiple years of experience, I bring a multi-faceted approach and am always seeking new ways to make a difference in the lives of those I work with.

Kim L. Buckner

Facilitator

As a Substance Abuse Motivational Speaker, Pastor, Peer Advocate, and Facilitator. Kim helps clients avoid relapse by understanding their triggers. Those people, places and things that can cause craving, as well as internal triggers like feelings, thoughts, or emotions. Kim also clients with identifying and building healthy relationships now that they’re clean and sober.

Kim’s background includes extensive experience as a motivational speaker and work in faith-based organizations helping youth and adults alike. He says he is motivated by giving back to the community, understanding, and not judging who she comes into contact with. Kim’s favorite quote is by Dr. Raymond Johnson: “The respect given to others rebounds to the giver to deny the scared in the Other is to deny it in oneself.”

Caty Burns

Clinician

Caty graduated from Indiana University Bloomington in 2015 with a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and minors in Counseling and History. Throughout her undergrad, she worked at the local CASA program, supporting volunteers advocating for children who had experienced abuse and neglect. Caty worked for seven years at a community mental health center (CMHC), partnering with children, adults, and families.

During those seven years, she taught life and coping skills as well as behavior management, provided case management and peer recovery services, and facilitated treatment teams that included the client, family, providers, and community members. I have also worked at an IOP providing group therapy services. She is currently working towards my Master of Social Work.

In her free time, Caty enjoys reading, especially historical fiction, spending time outdoors and having movie nights with her family. Disney World is her happy place, and she dreams of living among the elephants.

Madison Knowles

Mental Health Therapist

My name is Madison Knowles, I am a Mental health therapist at NPAC. I am a single-mother of two and I have a daughter who is globally delayed and has been diagnosed with autism. I have been in this industry since I was 16 years old, as I was fascinated with human behavior. I obtained my masters in applied behavioral analysis and started off working with people with disabilities. I then found my love for counseling when I worked with juveniles who had mental health and substance use issues. I then decided to go back for my mental health therapy license after that and working in a forensic treatment center. I went on to obtain my therapy credentials and since 2017, I have also been working on my PhD in forensic psychology in which I am currently working on my dissertation. I am inspired by change and how resilient people can be. My favorite inspirational quote is “Some will, Some won’t, So what, NEXT!!!” This quote has inspired me to try, try, and try again no matter how hard life gets, someone will give you a chance eventually. As a therapist at NPAC, I have been given the opportunity to work with diverse populations such as in substance use and mental health and I am known for my work with people on the schizophrenic spectrum as well as with other clients with other severe conditions including personality disorders.

Megan Carmona, LMHC

Lead Therapist

Our Lead Therapist, Megan, is a bilingual Licensed Mental Health Counselor who specializes in working with adults who struggle with addiction, anxiety, depression, and trauma. As Lead Therapist, she provides individual, family, and group therapy sessions to our clients.  Megan says “I am very passionate about therapy, especially about supporting my clients in exploring their strengths and identity. My goal is to provide individuals with the tools that can help them achieve independence in coping with their challenges and facilitating personal development.” In her free time, Megan enjoys watching docu-series and playing video games with her family. Her dream is to own acres of land so she can care for vulnerable animals, especially old dogs, cats, and horses. 

Kristen Bensley

Primary Clinician

As Primary Clinician, Kristen works with all aspects of our clinical team, from case management to primary therapy.  She has broad experience working in the mental health field. Prior to joining our team at the Neuro Psychiatric Addiction Clinic, Kristen was part of the team awarded the Evernorth Behavioral Health Center of Excellence Designation by Cigna. She says her motivation is to help people rediscover who they are and become excited about the future and all the possibilities life offers. Kristen’s favorite quote is: “You can’t go back and change the beginning, but you can start where you are and change the ending.”

Ronn Daigle, MSW

Therapist, Utilization Review Clinician

Ronn Daigle services as a Therapist and Utilization Review Clinician at the Neuro Psychiatric Addiction Clinic. He has been working in the field of substance use disorder treatment since 2011, with experience in all facility-based levels of care. Ronn earned, both an Associate of Arts in Psychology (2013) and Bachelor of Science in Human Services, with an Addiction Studies Concentration (2015) from Indian River State College. 

Ronn additionally earned a Master of Social Work degree in 2021 and is a current Registered Clinical Social Work Intern working toward licensure (LCSW). He describes himself as detail oriented, and solution focused.

Ronn says: “There is nothing more fulfilling than working with someone who doesn’t believe in himself or herself, and being there in the moment with them when the belief begins. We work with individuals who come to us at a point and time in their respective lives where they do not believe that change for others is possible; let alone for themselves…throughout the process they eventually come to a point where they realize that change is not only possible, but achievable.”

Erika Melecio, LMHC, MCAP, CEI

Assistant Clinical Director

Erika Melecio, LMHC, MCAP, CEI is the Assistant Clinical Director at Neuropsychiatric Addiction Clinic who specializes in the treatment of LGBTQ, addiction, as well as mental health disorders ranging from depression and anxiety, to Bipolar Disorder, trauma, personality disorders, psychotic disorders, and eating disorders. Erika utilizes a number of modalities including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, and Mindfulness amongst others. Erika has been in practice for close to a decade and has earned her license in Mental Health Counseling, as well as being a Master’s Certified Addiction Professional. Erika has worked with many individuals including couples counseling and family therapy, and is fluent in Spanish.
 
Throughout my years of practice, one of the things I enjoy helping people find is inner peace. Whether you are in the deepest parts of depression, overrun by your anxiety, controlled by your addiction, or there are certain issues in your life that are negatively impacting your ability to function, and have a happy, healthy life, maybe now is the time to talk about it. I am a big believer in empowerment, working hard in therapy, and utilizing different techniques to help you regain that inner peace that may have been lost along the way. I want to work with you as a team because with two people, absolutely everything is possible. I want to be there as a therapist, to help build you up, support you, but also help you be honest with yourself and accountable. At the end of the day, when all is said and done, my biggest goal for you is going to be simple….for you to no longer need my services. Why? Because if you no longer need my services, it means that you have regained your peace, you have regained your strength, you have regained your confidence. It means that you now have the tools to address any issues that try to derail you, and best of all, you will have the insight to overcome and thrive. So let’s begin this journey together, and get you to the place you want to be, emotionally, mentally, psychologically, and in your sobriety.

Aurelio Ayuso, MSW, LCSW, CAP, ICADC

Clinical Director

Aurelio has worked with those that suffer from the disease of addiction in adults and juveniles alike for over 10 years, beginning in the United States Navy where he proudly served for 20 years, working with those that were succumbed by addiction due to trauma and continuing his passion for helping those in need locally in Central Florida.

He specializes in both Addictions and Trauma, he has worked first as a therapist then as the clinical supervisor to both the Juvenile and Adult Drug Court programs in Brevard County. Aurelio has been instrumental in developing substance abuse treatment programs directly tailored to help those that also suffer from complex trauma due to their addiction. He has been recognized by several organizations for his forward thinking and ability to tailor treatment to individuals in the most restrictive environments.

Mr. Ayuso received his Graduate Degree in Clinical Social Work from the University of Central Florida in Orlando. He is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker as well as Certified Addictions Professional in the State of Florida, and Internationally Certified Alcohol & Drug Counselor. Aurelio specializes in the treatment of Addiction, Trauma, and Abandonment using strength based strategies deeply rooted in Solution Focused, and Mindfulness Therapies. At the Neuropsychiatric Addiction Clinic he passionately develops holistic curriculums that foster the belief that through addressing the mind, body, and spirit together, the Disease of Addiction can be addressed successfully.

Robert Lehmann, MHSA

Chief Operating Officer

Bob Lehmann is the Chief Operating Officer at the Neuro Psychiatric Addiction Clinic. He has a Master’s Degree in Human Services Administration with a concentration in Mental Health Administration and over twenty-five years of experience as a senior executive at addiction and mental health treatment facilities.

One of the reasons for his commitment to excellence in addiction treatment was his experience related to family members who suffered from the disease of addiction. Bob has been actively involved in community organizations throughout his career. Recently he was one of the founders of the Florida Addiction Treatment Coalition (FATC) and is its present Vice President. FATC was designed to bring together treatment executives in Florida to advocate on behalf of treatment facilities and the clients they serve adhering to a foundation of integrity and service excellence.

Jose R. Toledo, M.D.

Medical Director

A well-rounded and accomplished individual, Jose R. Toledo, M.D., is the Medical Director of Neuro Psychiatric Addiction Clinic.

Dr. Toledo is a neurologist with 25 years of experience and has been in private practice since 1991 on the Treasure Coast of Florida. He completed his neurology training at the State University of New York and his Fellowship training at the University of Pittsburgh in Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology.

He also completed 24 months of acute inpatient psychiatry at the Western Missouri Mental Health Center, University of Missouri in Kansas City. In 2008, Dr. Toledo participated in and was certified in the continuing medical education activity entitled “Buprenorphine and Office-Based Treatment of Opioid Dependence” from The Medical University of South Carolina during which began his quest to found and head Neuropsychiatric Addiction Clinic.

Dr. Toledo is a brain specialist with particular competence in addiction medicine and out-patient detoxification treatment and integrates the fields seamlessly. He is certified to prescribe Buprenorphine (Suboxone). He incorporates his background in neurology into the addiction field. Dr. Toledo is member/fellow of The American Medical Association, The Florida Medical Association and The American Society of Addiction Medicine